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Customs of an Ancient Jewish Wedding
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The Ancient Jewish Wedding New Insights

TRADITIONS FOR GALILEAN WEDDINGS

The customs of the Ancient Jewish Wedding unveil the coming of Christ. More specifically, the traditions and procedures of the Galilean weddings since Jesus and his disciples were Jews from Galilea.

JESUS AND THE CHURCH, HIS BRIDE

Scripture depicts Jesus in a relationship with the Church. This relationship is the relationship of a Groom and His bride, leading to the marriage of the Lamb one day.

Revelation 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to Him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

ANCIENT JEWISH WEDDING PROCEDURE

Hebrew

SHIDDUKHIN

CONSENT

MOHAR

KETUBAH

DABAR

EYRUSIN

MATAN

MIKVEH

CHUPPAH

NISUIN

“WEDDING”

Meaning of the Hebrew

The father of a son chooses a bride for his son.

The chosen bride will give her permission.

The son’s father negotiated a price for the bride.

Documentation of the marriage agreement.

A glass of wine seals the agreement.

The first stage of marriage is like modern-day engagement.

Presents for the bride.

Immersing in water is a cleansing bath for the bride.

Preparing a wedding chamber for the new couple..

The bride is lifted and carried away to her groom.

Wedding celebration.

AJT = ANCIENT JEWISH WEDDING TRADITION

VERSUS

JTC = JESUS and THE CHURCH

 

SHIDDUKHIN 

AJT. A father would choose a bride for his son. Likewise, Abraham sent his servant Eliezer to find a bride for Isaac.

Genesis 24:4 But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac. 

 

JTH. The Holy Spirit chooses the Church, you and me, as a bride for Jesus.

Matthew 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen. 

 

THE BRIDE’S CONSENT 

AJT. A girl had the right to refuse. Rebekah had never seen her future husband Isaac when she agreed to be his wife.

Genesis 24:57 Then they called Rebekah and said to her, Will you go with this man? And she said, I will go.

 

JTH. The Holy Spirit calls people, but everyone has the right to refuse. If we consent and confess Jesus’ name, we do so even though we have never seen Him face to face.

1 Peter 1:8 Though you have not seen Him, you love Him.  Though you do not see Him now, you trust Him…

 

MOHAR 

AJT. The bride’s price was negotiable but raised her status and freed her from her current household. The groom had up to seven years’ time to raise it.

Genesis 29:20 And Jacob served seven years for Rachel; and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had for her.

 

JTH. Jesus has paid at the cross for His bride, and our status has changed. 

Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.  

 

KETUBAH 

AJT. The marriage contract stated the groom’s promises and the bride’s rights. The bride’s father, the groom, and the synagogue kept a copy with a seal. Only a judge could break it.

Malachi 2:14 Because the Lord hath been witness thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant.

 

JTC. The New Covenant is our “contract”, sealed with the blood of Jesus Christ. The Bible is the “document” that states His promises to us and our rights as His bride. 

Hebrew 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant.

 

DABAR

AJT. The bride and groom communed. He would drink from a cup and wait. If she picked it up to drink from it, she has signed that she accepts the covenant. 

1 Samuel 25:39 And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

 

JTHWe remember the covenant we accepted every time we drank from the cup at holy communion. 

Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament.

 

EYRUSIN 

AJT. From now on, there was a fierce legal bond in place. Even though they did not live together, the bride belonged to the groom, and he could not change his mind.

Leviticus 19:20 And whosoever liveth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to a husband.

 

JTH. Even though we don’t live together, we belong to Jesus Christ, and He will not change his mind.

2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. 

 

MATAN 

AJT. The bride received gifts. During their separation, she was alone, reminding her of the bridegroom’s love for her.

Ezekiel 16: 11-12 Put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain on thy neck, a jewel on thy forehead, and earrings in thine ears, and a beautiful crown upon thine head.

 

JTH. We receive the gifts of the Holy Spirit while waiting. 

1 Corinthians 12:4 There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit distributes them.

 

MIKVEH

AJT. Before the wedding, the bride is immersed in a cleansing bath, a symbolic sign of spiritual cleansing.

Leviticus 15:18 The woman also with whom man shall lie with seed of copulation, they shall both bathe themselves in water.

 

JTC. When we become part of the Church, the bride of Christ, we immerse in water during baptism.  

Ephesians 5:26-27 That He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. That He might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

 

CHUPPAH 

AJT. The groom returned to his father’s house to prepare a chuppah, the bridal chamber. It meant building onto the family’s house and preparing a place for his bride to live with him. Rabbis arrived to check because the bride could only upgrade to a better home.

Psalm 19:5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber (chuppah), and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.

 

JTHJesus is in heaven preparing a place for His bride, better than what we have on earth. 

John 14:2 In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it wet not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

 

“ONLY MY FATHER KNOWS”

AJT and JTH: When the time came, the father permitted his son to fetch his bride.  The groom never knew the day or the time.  

Mark 13:32 “But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the son, but the father.”

 

NISUIN

AJT. The groom left his home with an escort, carrying “a perion.” They would go to her place to lift the bride and bring her to her new home. Also, this escort had trumpet players announcing the groom’s arrival in the middle of the night.

JTCJesus will come to Rapture us, meet us in the clouds, and bring us to our new home. See more here The Rapture.

Corinthians 15:52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump. 

 

Note! 

The bride had to be alert at all times.  She knew he would come during the night, and she needed enough oil for her lamp.  

Matt 25:13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the son of man cometh.

 

THE WEDDING

AJT. The bride and groom went into the marriage chamber to consummate the marriage. The groom’s father will close the door behind them. When they appear after seven days, the world sees the bride and rejoices with the groom.

1 Kings 22:25 And Micaiah said, behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.

 

JTCJesus will marry His bride at the time of the Rapture. Every Galilean wedding lasted seven days, but that of a king lasted seven years. 

WRAPPING IT UP

The ancient Jewish wedding traditions and procedures outline the marriage of the Lamb.

Jesus Christ and the Church is the only love story that genuinely ends: “and they live happily forever.”

THE END

Sources used for THE ANCIENT JEWISH WEDDING:

biblehub.com – online bible and commentaries

blueletterbible.org – online bible and commentaries

messianicbible.com – ancient-jewish-wedding-customs-and-yeshuas-second-coming

myjewishlearning.com – ancient-jewish-marriage

 

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