The Decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus was given on 14 March 445 BC. From that day until Jesus Christ rode on a donkey into Jerusalem, it was precisely 483 years (69 weeks). Sir Robert Anderson did the calculations in 1894. It was a considerable effort since he had to consider all variables, for, e.g. years was 360 days long, etc.
Daniel 9:26 “After threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself.”
Messiah’s cut-off refers to the crucifixion. Jesus still needs to complete His mission on earth; His mission was cut off after 483 years. The student of Revelation will be familiar by now with “parenthesis.” It is 2,000 years later, and God is waiting to complete His mission.
“Not for himself” because God’s plan will not be changed, only postponed. Eventually, it will be complete. The completion of His mission is why there is a second coming of the Messiah to complete it.
MIDDLE OF THE 70TH WEEK
Daniel 9:27: “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate.”
Daniel’s seventieth week stretches over seven years. In the middle, after 3.5 years, the Antichrist goes into the Temple to cause the abomination of desolation. Jesus spoke about this event, too, confirming Daniel’s prophecy and our calculation of seven years in total.
Mark 13:14 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken by Daniel the prophet.
The phrase “in the middle” indicates the middle of the seven years. It is after 3.5 years or 1,260 days if you use a 360 prophetic year. These numbers appear again and again in the Book of Revelation.
The tribulation is the second half of Daniel’s seventieth week. It starts in the middle of the seven years when the Antichrist goes into the Temple, and it lasts for 3.5 years — also referred to as 42 months or 1,260 days in Revelation.
The Tribulation goes by names like “Jacob’s trouble”, “the Lord’s day”, and “that day.” It all speaks of Daniel’s seventieth week when God will pour His wrath on the earth. It ends with Armageddon.
I use the term “tribulation-period” to refer to the whole seven years because most people are unfamiliar with the word “Daniels 70th week.” Strictly speaking, “the tribulation” refers to the last 3.5 years only.
The Rapture is God dealing with the Church. Right before the tribulation period, believers will be caught up in the air before God’s wrath is poured out.
See more The Rapture.
Salt was a preservative in ancient times. The Rapture removes the salt of the earth, and what stays behind will become rapidly rotten. See Matthew 5:12-13.
The Millennium is God putting in place the plan He had before He was cut off. A glorious time follows when Messiah will live with the Jewish people, and He will rule from Israel.
The millennium is the time Isaiah saw in a vision when he wrote: “The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat… and a little child will lead them. See Isaiah 11:6.
NEW HEAVEN AND NEW EARTH
After 1,000 years, we see a New Heaven and a New Earth.